Paint For The Home
Everything You Need To Know About Interior & Exterior Painting
Can you imagine a world without paint? Everywhere your eye wanders would be the same boring grey or red surface. Grey cement walls would be lifeless and lacklustre, there would be no way to create mood or atmosphere in a space, and every home, office and building would just look the same on the inside.
Fortunately, we have access to paints, and these paints come in more shades and styles than is possible to imagine. You thought you knew yellow? Well, visit any DIY shop and you will soon realise that there are in fact around 200 different shades of yellow! Paint allows us to express ourselves by placing colours we love on our walls, and this can really help to transform the places in which we live.
In Tobermory, on the Scottish islands of Mull, you are greeted with an almost rainbow-like collection of buildings lining the harbour. This not only transformed the local area, but also increased tourism to the islands. After all, who doesn’t want to be surrounded by a collection of multicoloured houses? Painting buildings are also something that helped place Bideford in Devon on the map. Every house in the town is painted white and from the bay, you could be forgiven for almost thinking you were entering a delightful old Italian village.
Paint has roots dating right back to early humans and can be seen on many cave walls around the world. The ancient Egyptians were also fond of painting and the use of gold and azure blue colours helped give them the everlasting image that we have of them in our minds today. Paint is more than just a colour to put on the wall, it is a way of putting your own character onto the walls and really place your mark on your property.
This article is going to run through everything you need to know about paint & painting and help you learn a little bit more about the colourful world of pigments.
Brush & Roller: Painting the interior of the home with a brush and roller is one of the most commonly used methods. Paint brushes allow for the paint to be applied around the edges, leaving a clean and crisp line. The paint applied by the brush will normally run along the outer edges of the walls and resemble a picture frame when done. The interior is then filled in with the use of a roller, which gets the jobs done in half the time.
When it comes to adding gloss to woodwork and radiators it is common to use a paintbrush. Using a roller on these areas would prove to be difficult. Especially as there is less control over the spread of paint when using a roller. A brush allows for the smallest of spaces to be reached and leaves a nice, silky smooth finish. Some people still prefer to paint entire walls by hand with a brush alone. This is perfectly acceptable and is how things used to be done 80 years ago, however, it is time-consuming and the end result can often leave the wall with hairlines and even brush hairs embedded in the paint.
Paint Pad: A paint pad is a cross between a sponge and a grouting board. It is used in exactly the same way as a paint roller is, however, it spreads paint further and gives a much more even finish. Paint is placed on a tray and the sponge part of the pad is dipped into the paint and allowed to soak for several seconds. Once saturated with paint it is then placed on the wall and pushed back and forth to spread the paint across the surface. The pads rectangular design also disposes of the need for an edging brush as clear and clean lines can be achieved using the pad alone.
Paint Guns: A paint gun makes quick work of applying paint to interior and exterior walls. However, while the application can be lightning fast, preparation takes a long time. Before painting with a paint gun all surfaces not to be painted need to be covered with a protective sheet. The sheet also needs to cover the entire floor, and cabinets or furniture, and over windows and doors. Protective gear is also needed as when in use, the fine paint particles become airborne and are easily breathed in. This can lead to irritation of the mouth, eyes, throat and lungs.
Once all of the preparation is done, painting can begin. The paint is loaded into a canister, which is attached to the spray gun via a tube. The unit is then plugged into the mains electricity and turned on. An air compressor then forces the paint out of the spray guns fine tipped nozzle. The pressure put on the paint is immense and causes a fine mist to evenly coat the walls of the home. Layers must be done gently and evenly to prevent drips running down the walls. The end result will be a professional finish and a polished look and feel.
Special Effects Attachments: Special effects can be achieved with paint by using specially designed components that can either be painted on or attached to a paint roller. A marble roller head is made from a crumpled plastic which is dipped in paint and rolled quickly across the wall. There are also print rollers, which feature a design on them. When covered in paint and rolled firmly against the wall, an image is then transplanted in place. Print rollers can be custom made and are usually made from a rubber or latex material.
Many of the tools used to apply paint, there are also many different types of paint. The type of paint used will depend on where it is being placed, what type of finish you would like, and the budget you have. So, what are the different types of paint? There are 7 common variants, all of which are categorised below.
Matt – Matt emulsion paint is typically water-based and provides a fast cure time. Matt paint is typically used in rooms with uneven or bumpy walls due to its power of camouflaging imperfections. Matt does not reflect light, therefore, shadows and highlights are not as visible and the final finish is a smoother, clearer effect.
Silk – Silk emulsion paint is also a commonly used water-based paint. The difference between matt and silk is the finish. While matt doesn’t reflect light, silk does. Silk is much as its name suggests, a paint with a high shine and light reflective qualities. The fact that it reflects light makes it an ideal choice for smooth or newly plastered walls. It is not ideal for walls with imperfections though, as the paint enhances imperfections rather than masking them.
Gloss – Gloss is an oil based paint which takes a long time to cure and set. Gloss paint is typically used indoors on door frames, window frames, dado rails, and skirting boards. The paint applies quite thick and provides an instant shine. As gloss is a thick oil based paint, it is perfect for bringing new life to old wood and hiding any damage, chips, or imperfections. Gloss paint does have a strong chemical odour, which can irritate the eyes and chest if the room is not well ventilated during the curing process.
Wood – As the name suggests, wood paint is specifically designed for use on wood. Again, like gloss wood pant tends to be oil-based and is designed to soak into the wood it is applied to and provide protection from water and insect damage. Wood paint is typically more of an outdoor paint.
Metal - Metal paint is commonly used for painting radiators, pipes, and fireplaces. Metal paint is similar to gloss in the fact that it takes a long time to cure. Unlike gloss, metal paint tends to be an enamel paint rather than an oil paint. The reason for using an enamel paint on metal is down to the fact that it needs to be able to withstand extreme warming and cooling.
Glass – Glass paints are used for painting directly onto glass. Glass paints tend to be liquid polymer based paints, which set much like a plastic resin does. Glass paints are often used to paint directly onto the windows and doors glass, usually along with lead piping to finish the design.
Special Effect – Special effect paints come in a whole array of shades and finishes. Chrome finished gold or silver, burnished bronzes and coppers, glitter paints, leather and suede effect finishes ... the list goes on. Special effect paints create an individual and uniquely tailored painted wall and are popular in both homes and businesses across the country.
Painting homes have been popular since as far back as the 14th century in the U.K. The methods used to paint were still very similar to the traditional hand and brush method used today. Brushes were constructed from the hair of horse manes and tails, which is still also available today. The paint was also applied using a cloth and a mixture of paint and water, this method was known as whitewashing and is where the commonly used phrase ‘whitewashing history’ comes from. The term means to quickly paint over something else and have it fade away.
In the 16th century in England, groups of painters worked together closely guarding their painting methods so as to prevent others starting up in business in the same trade. Also in the 16th century in America, the Pilgrims saw painting the house as a sign of vanity, immodesty, and greed and even jailed a preacher who dared paint his home stating that the action was sacrilege.
Methods have not really changed much over time, other than the addition of rollers, paint pads, and spray guns. However, what has changed is the paints we now have available to use. In the past, paints were made up from a mixture of oils, fats, and organic compounds ranging from iron oxide, semi-precious stone, dung, and even blood. Luckily, we no longer need to use such basic paints, but there are still some dangers to certain modern paints. Especially those that are made of lead.
Painting the interior of a house can be challenging at the best of times and where to start can more often than not put people off before even beginning. There a few simple rules to follow when it comes to painting indoors, but these are not set in stone, and at the end of the day you can do as you want with your own walls.
Dark Colours- Dark colours work best when painting large rooms. Large rooms can afford to feel slightly smaller due to the optical illusions created by darker colours. If you do have larger rooms and want to go darker, try not to place dark colours on every wall, but instead think more of a feature wall instead. Darker shades also work very well with period houses.
Light Colours– Light colours help create the illusion of space, so if you have small rooms you should try to keep things light and bright. Think along the lines of pastels for the best effect. Light-coloured rooms also feel cooler during the summer months, but can leave a room looking cold during winter. Adding several contrasting shades can create a pleasing finish for the eye.
Connect The Colours - If you are painting indoors, you should try to connect one room to the next with the use of colour. By connecting the colours throughout the home you bring flow and fluidity to the entire building. This doesn’t mean that each and every room should be painted exactly the same way, but try to use variations of the same colour from room to room.
Ignore Fashions – Forget trying to stay on trend when it comes to home decorating. Sure, the colour of the year may well be Dove Grey, but the money spent on last year's trend still needs to be paid off and if you change it now then none of your previously bought furniture and accessories will match it. If you want a purple, orange, and lime green home, by all means, go ahead and indulge yourself. Paint is a fun way of expressing yourself and the best part is that if you don’t like it, then you can simply paint on over the top of it.
There is evidence that colour has an impact on the way we feel when confronted with it for extended periods of time. While not everyone reacts the same way to certain shades, the number of people who do gives a little more leverage to the science of it all.
As an example, red is seen as a colour that promotes anger, however, it is also a colour that encourages motivation and determination. Blue is most commonly seen as a calming or relaxing colour, and yellow can go one way or the other by either creating a sense of happiness or one of anxiousness.
It can be easier to match colour than you think. A good way to do so is by looking around you at what nature provides and see how they go together. Browns and greens much like a tree, reds and greens like roses, even oranges and browns like a sunset silhouette. Nature provides the best colour combinations and all you need to do is pinch a few of her ideas and make them your own.
If you want to create something a little bit more special than a run of the mill painted wall, you could always consider doing some stencilling to bring the wall to life. In fact, some people now do stencilling across the entire wall in an attempt at creating a wallpapered effect. Of course, wallpaper would be easier, but paint brings a touch of fun and unique creativity to the table that paper just can’t do.
Painting allows us to live in homes that reflect the people who we are via the use of colour and design. It allows a space to be switched up or restored to its original glory and helps add value to properties that are being marketed for sale. There are no hard and fast rules about the shades you must or mustn’t use, and your walls are your own personal canvases. Do as you like with them. Paint brings colour and joy to the lives of those who live surrounded by it.
We don’t need to live in a grey world, we have colour. So learn to have fun and start experimenting with paints in ways you never thought of doing before. Paint your world your way and enjoy the creative process that makes painting the joy it really is.
Call us today to discuss your requirements and for a no-obligation quotation on 01799 585931.